Welt Kultursprung


ONCE UPON A TIME THERE WERE THE ARTISTS OF THE ICE AGE…

In caves in the Ach and Lone Valleys near Ulm 40,000 years ago the artists of the ice age crafted mysterious artefacts of mammoth ivory. It was their dexterity that also gave us what are now the world‘s oldest known musical instruments. To date, no older artefacts or musical instruments have ever come to light elsewhere on the planet. To put the timescale into perspective: Egypt‘s famous Great Sphinx of Giza was cut from bedrock 35,000 years later, and it would be another 2000 years before what we now call ancient Rome was built.
Today you can tour the Ach and Lone Valleys and rediscover for yourself just how those ice-age inhabitants lived. You can view those very same artefacts. Be inspired. Plunge into the world of the ice-age artists. Visit the UNESCO World Heritage ‚Caves and Ice Age Art in the Swabian Jura‘ and bring to life the ice-age artist in yourself.

Finds | Caves | See and sense

Löwenmensch

lion man from Hohlenstein-Stadel,
mammoth ivory, height 31.1 cm, age 40.000 years,
Ulmer Museum

Hohle_Fels_Venus

female figurine / “Venus from Hohle Fels”,
mammoth ivory, height 6 cm, age 40.000 years,
Urgeschichtliches Museum Blaubeuren

Geissenkloesterle_Knochenfloete

flute from Geißenklösterle,
wing bone of whooper swan,
length 12.6 cm, age 40.000 years,
Landesmuseum Württemberg Stuttgart

Geißenkloesterle_Elfenbeinfloete

flute form Geißenklösterle,
mammoth ivory, length 18.7 cm, age 40.000 years,
Urgeschichtliches Museum Blaubeuren

Hohle_Fels_Floete

flute from Hohle Fels,
radial bone of griffon vulture,
length 21.8 cm, age 40.000 years,
Urgeschichtliches Museum Blaubeuren

Vogelherd_Mammut_2006

mammoth form Vogelherd Cave,
mammoth ivory, length 4.9 cm, age 40.000 years,
Archäopark Vogelherd Niederstotzingen

Vogeleherd_Pferd

wild horse form Vogelherd Cave,
mammoth ivory, length 4.8 cm, age 40.000 years,
Museum Schloss Hohentübingen

Vogelherd_Loewenkopf

lion`s head from Vogelherd Cave,
mammoth ivory, length 2.5 cm, age 40.000 years,
Landesmuseum Württemberg Stuttgart

Hohle-Fels_Vogel_J_Liptak

water fowl form Hohle Fels,
mammoth ivory, length 4.7 cm, age 40.000 years,
Urgeschichtliches Museum Blaubeuren

Geissenkloesterle_Adorant

anthropomorphic figurine (worshipper/adorer)
from Geißenklösterle,
mammoth ivory, height 3.8 cm, age 40.000 years,
Urgeschichtliches Museum Blaubeuren

Geissenkloesterle_Mammut

mammoth form Geißenklösterle,
mammoth ivory, length 6.7 cm, age 40.000 years,
Landesmuseum Württemberg Stuttgart

Geissenkloesterle_Baer

bear form Geißenklösterle,
mammoth ivory, height 5 cm, age 40.000 years,
Landesmuseum Württemberg Stuttgart

Geissenkloesterle_Steppenbison

steppe Bison from Geißenklösterle,
mammoth ivory, length 2.6 cm, age 40.000 years,
Landesmuseum Württemberg Stuttgart

Hohle_Fels_Pferdekopf_1999

head of a horse from Hohle Fels,
mammoth ivory, length 3.6 cm, age 40.000 years,
Urgeschichtliches Museum Blaubeuren

Hohle_Fels_Miniaturloewenmensch

miniature lion man from Hohle Fels,
mammoth ivory, height 2.6 cm, age 40.000 years,
Urgeschichtliches Museum Blaubeuren

Vogelherd_Loewe_oder_Baer_erg_2013

cave lion or cave bear form Vogelherd Cave,
mammoth ivory, length 8.3 cm, age 40.000 years,
Museum Schloss Hohentübingen

Vogelherd_Loewe_erg_2014

cave lion from Vogelherd,
mammoth ivory, length 8.8 cm, age 40.000 years,
Museum Schloss Hohentübingen

Vo_LoeweohneKopf_1931_(1)

cave lion from Vogelherd Cave,
mammoth ivory, length 6.4 cm, age 40.000 years,
Museum Schloss Hohentübingen

Vo_Anthropomorphe_Figur_1931

human figurine from Vogelherd Cave,
mammoth ivory, height 6.9 cm, age 40.000 years,
Museum Schloss Hohentübingen

Vo_Mammut_1931_a

mammoth from Vogelherd Cave,
mammoth ivory, length 3.7 cm, age 40.000 years,
Museum Schloss Hohentübingen

Vogelherd_loewe_2006

cave lion form Vogelherd Cave,
mammoth ivory, length 5.6 cm, age 40.000 years,
Archäopark Vogelherd Niederstotzingen

Vo_Fisch_2008

fish from Vogelherd Cave,
mammoth ivory, length 7 cm, age 40.000 years,
Museum Schloss Hohentübingen

schmuck_sirgenstein

personal ornament  from Sirgenstein Cave,
mammoth ivory, length 1.5 cm, age 35.000 years,
Sammlung Abteilung Ältere Urgeschichte und Quartärökologie, Museum der Universität Tübigen

Bockstein_Toerle_Schmuck

personal ornaments from Bockstein Cave,
mammoth ivory and jet, length 1 – 2.5 cm,
age 35.000 years,
Ulmer Museum

Hohle_Fels_Phallus_J_Liptak

Phallus from Hohle Fels,
siltstone, length 19.2 cm, age 30.000 years,
Urgeschichtliches Museum Blaubeuren

Geißenkloesterle_Deutschlandstein_Aurignacien

painted limestone fragment from Geißenklösterle,
limestone, length 8.5 cm, age 40.000 years,
Urgeschichtliches Museum Blaubeuren

Hohle_Fels_Magdalenien_bemalter-Stein_Schicht_0-I_1998

painted limestone fragment from Hohle Fels,
limestone, length 8 cm, age 15.000 years,
Urgeschichtliches Museum Blaubeuren

The earliest figurative art objects as well as the oldest evidence for making music with flutes are attributed to the Palaeolithic culture of the “Aurignacian”. About 40,000 years ago these unique objects were created at the edge of the Swabian Jura (Baden-Württemberg, Germany). The earliest representations of humans, animals and composite creatures are evidence for the emergence of the modern human mind. This modernity finds its expression in the creation of art, symbols and music, and in rituals and religious beliefs.


Archaeologists have discovered the earliest figurative art objects and musical instruments of humankind in six caves. In July 2017 the caves were declared as UNESCO Word Heritage “Caves and Ice Age Art in the Swabian Jura”. In the Ach Valley these are the Hohle Fels, the Geißenklösterle and the Sirgenstein. In the Lone Valley there are the Vogelherd, the Hohlenstein-Stadel and the Bockstein.

Click on our interactive map to get information about the caves and presentation sites.

Caves, Valleys, Presentation Sites


Urgeschichtliches Museum Blaubeuren (urmu)
Zweigmuseum für ­Urgeschichte des ­Archäologischen
­Landesmuseums ­Baden-Württemberg
Kirchplatz 10
89143 Blaubeuren
www.urmu.de

Entrance fee:
Adults: 5 €
Children (7-17 years): 3 €


Museum Ulm
Marktplatz 9
89073 Ulm
www.museum.ulm.de

Entrance fee:
Adults: 8 €
Children: 6 €


Archäopark Vogelherd ­Niederstotzingen
Am Vogelherd 1
89168 Nieder­stotzingen-Stetten
www.archaeopark-­vogelherd.de

Entrance fee:
Adults: 8 €
Children (6-14 years): 6 €

Bockstein,
Öllingen/Rammingen, Lonetal

Hohlenstein-Stadel,
Asselfingen, Lonetal

Vogelherd,
Niederstotzingen, Lonetal

Sirgenstein,
Blaubeuren, Achtal

Hohle Fels,
Schelklingen, Achtal

Geißenklösterle,
Blaubeuren, Achtal



PRESENTATION SITES

These worldwide universal objects can be experienced at three different places in the region: The Urgeschichtliches Museum URMU Blaubeuren, the Archäopark Vogelherd near Niederstotzingen and the Ulmer Museum. Come and experience the Palaeolithic with us!

WHERE THE ICE AGE LIVES ON

Find out how the ice-age inhabitants lived. Take a guided tour through the Valleys to the caves of the ice-age artists, or go hiking or biking.
Test your skills at throwing a spear, discover how our ancestors made fire and hark to the strains of their music.
More information about our services you´ll find on the Websites:

www.tourismus.alb-donau-kreis.de
www.heidenheimer-brenzregion.de
www.tourismus.ulm.de
www.schwaebischealb.de




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