Welt Kultursprung

Welt Kultursprung

Welt Kultursprung

About 40,000 years ago an enormous leap occurred in the evolution of modern humans. This happened in the area where the Swabian Jura descends towards the Alpine foreland. During that time – the last Ice Age – humans began to conceive and create figurative art objects as well as musical instruments in the region near Ulm, in the Alb-Donau District as well as the District of Heidenheim. Hence, this region is the >>world origin of culture<<.

Finds | Caves | See and sense

Löwenmensch

lion man from Hohlenstein-Stadel,
mammoth ivory, height 31.1 cm, age 40.000 years,
Ulmer Museum

Hohle_Fels_Venus

female figurine / “Venus from Hohle Fels”,
mammoth ivory, height 6 cm, age 40.000 years,
Urgeschichtliches Museum Blaubeuren

Geissenkloesterle_Knochenfloete

flute from Geißenklösterle,
wing bone of whooper swan,
length 12.6 cm, age 40.000 years,
Landesmuseum Württemberg Stuttgart

Geißenkloesterle_Elfenbeinfloete

flute form Geißenklösterle,
mammoth ivory, length 18.7 cm, age 40.000 years,
Urgeschichtliches Museum Blaubeuren

Hohle_Fels_Floete

flute from Hohle Fels,
radial bone of griffon vulture,
length 21.8 cm, age 40.000 years,
Urgeschichtliches Museum Blaubeuren

Vogelherd_Mammut_2006

mammoth form Vogelherd Cave,
mammoth ivory, length 4.9 cm, age 40.000 years,
Archäopark Vogelherd Niederstotzingen

Vogeleherd_Pferd

wild horse form Vogelherd Cave,
mammoth ivory, length 4.8 cm, age 40.000 years,
Museum Schloss Hohentübingen

Vogelherd_Loewenkopf

lion`s head from Vogelherd Cave,
mammoth ivory, length 2.5 cm, age 40.000 years,
Landesmuseum Württemberg Stuttgart

Hohle-Fels_Vogel_J_Liptak

water fowl form Hohle Fels,
mammoth ivory, length 4.7 cm, age 40.000 years,
Urgeschichtliches Museum Blaubeuren

Geissenkloesterle_Adorant

anthropomorphic figurine (worshipper/adorer)
from Geißenklösterle,
mammoth ivory, height 3.8 cm, age 40.000 years,
Urgeschichtliches Museum Blaubeuren

Geissenkloesterle_Mammut

mammoth form Geißenklösterle,
mammoth ivory, length 6.7 cm, age 40.000 years,
Landesmuseum Württemberg Stuttgart

Geissenkloesterle_Baer

bear form Geißenklösterle,
mammoth ivory, height 5 cm, age 40.000 years,
Landesmuseum Württemberg Stuttgart

Geissenkloesterle_Steppenbison

steppe Bison from Geißenklösterle,
mammoth ivory, length 2.6 cm, age 40.000 years,
Landesmuseum Württemberg Stuttgart

Hohle_Fels_Pferdekopf_1999

head of a horse from Hohle Fels,
mammoth ivory, length 3.6 cm, age 40.000 years,
Urgeschichtliches Museum Blaubeuren

Hohle_Fels_Miniaturloewenmensch

miniature lion man from Hohle Fels,
mammoth ivory, height 2.6 cm, age 40.000 years,
Urgeschichtliches Museum Blaubeuren

Vogelherd_Loewe_oder_Baer_erg_2013

cave lion or cave bear form Vogelherd Cave,
mammoth ivory, length 8.3 cm, age 40.000 years,
Museum Schloss Hohentübingen

Vogelherd_Loewe_erg_2014

cave lion from Vogelherd,
mammoth ivory, length 8.8 cm, age 40.000 years,
Museum Schloss Hohentübingen

Vo_LoeweohneKopf_1931_(1)

cave lion from Vogelherd Cave,
mammoth ivory, length 6.4 cm, age 40.000 years,
Museum Schloss Hohentübingen

Vo_Anthropomorphe_Figur_1931

human figurine from Vogelherd Cave,
mammoth ivory, height 6.9 cm, age 40.000 years,
Museum Schloss Hohentübingen

Vo_Mammut_1931_a

mammoth from Vogelherd Cave,
mammoth ivory, length 3.7 cm, age 40.000 years,
Museum Schloss Hohentübingen

Vogelherd_loewe_2006

cave lion form Vogelherd Cave,
mammoth ivory, length 5.6 cm, age 40.000 years,
Archäopark Vogelherd Niederstotzingen

Vo_Fisch_2008

fish from Vogelherd Cave,
mammoth ivory, length 7 cm, age 40.000 years,
Museum Schloss Hohentübingen

schmuck_sirgenstein

personal ornament  from Sirgenstein Cave,
mammoth ivory, length 1.5 cm, age 35.000 years,
Sammlung Abteilung Ältere Urgeschichte und Quartärökologie, Museum der Universität Tübigen

Bockstein_Toerle_Schmuck

personal ornaments from Bockstein Cave,
mammoth ivory and jet, length 1 – 2.5 cm,
age 35.000 years,
Ulmer Museum

Hohle_Fels_Phallus_J_Liptak

Phallus from Hohle Fels,
siltstone, length 19.2 cm, age 30.000 years,
Urgeschichtliches Museum Blaubeuren

Geißenkloesterle_Deutschlandstein_Aurignacien

painted limestone fragment from Geißenklösterle,
limestone, length 8.5 cm, age 40.000 years,
Urgeschichtliches Museum Blaubeuren

Hohle_Fels_Magdalenien_bemalter-Stein_Schicht_0-I_1998

painted limestone fragment from Hohle Fels,
limestone, length 8 cm, age 15.000 years,
Urgeschichtliches Museum Blaubeuren

The earliest figurative art objects as well as the oldest evidence for making music with flutes are attributed to the Palaeolithic culture of the “Aurignacian”. About 40,000 years ago these unique objects were created at the edge of the Swabian Jura (Baden-Württemberg, Germany). The earliest representations of humans, animals and composite creatures are evidence for the emergence of the modern human mind. This modernity finds its expression in the creation of art, symbols and music, and in rituals and religious beliefs.

Archaeologists have discovered the earliest figurative art objects and musical instruments of humankind in four caves: In the Ach Valley these are the Hohle Fels near Schelklingen and the Geißenklösterle near Blaubeuren. In the Lone Valley there are the Vogelherd near Niederstotzingen and the Hohlenstein-Stadel near Asselfingen.

Discover the caves of the oldest ice age art on a hike or bike ride. You are welcome to be accompanied by one of our guides.
More information about our services you´ll find on the Websites:
www.tourismus.alb-donau-kreis.de
www.heidenheimer-brenzregion.de
www.tourismus.ulm.de

Here you could download our flyer with all important information about the oldest Ice Age art.

Currently, a nomination is being prepared to include the “Caves with the oldest Ice Age art” in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The nomination is prepared under the direction of the Ministry for Finances and Economics as the Supreme Monument Protection Authority and the State Office for Cultural Heritage Baden-Württemberg in the Regional Administrative Council Stuttgart, based in Esslingen.

Further information / Further details

These worldwide universal objects can be experienced at three different places in the region: The Urgeschichtliches Museum URMU Blaubeuren, the Archäopark Vogelherd near Niederstotzingen and the Ulmer Museum. Come and experience the Palaeolithic with us!

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